• Kane surname history

    Kane surname history

    Kane, and O'Kane are the most common anglicised versions of the Irish O Cathain, from a diminutive of cath, meaning "battle". Kane and O'Kane are most frequent in Ulster, where O Cathain arose as a surname in the Laggan district of east Donegal, as part of the Cenel Eoghain, the large group of families descended from Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, the fifth-century monarch who founded the Ui Neill dynasty and was supposedly responsible for the kidnapping of St. Patrick to Ireland. In the twelfth century these Ulster O Cathain conquered a large territory to the east of their original homeland around Coleraine and Keenaght in what is now Co. Derry and remained powerful and important in that area down to the wars of the seventeenth century. Their last chief died in the Tower of London in 1628. Two other common surnames, McClosky and McAvinney, are offshoots of O Cathain, stemming respectively from the twelfth-century Bloskey O Cathain, and Aibhne O Cathain. Kane remains particularly common in the Coleraine district of Co. Derry, and in the adjoining county of Antrim.
    Keane and Kane are both anglicisations of O Cathain, from a diminutive of cath, meaning "battle". Keane, however, is much more common in Connacht than in Ulster, the homeland of the majority of the Kanes. This is because O Cathain arose separately as a surname in Co. Galway, where the family were a branch of the historic Ui Fiachraigh tribal grouping. Traditionally it has been believed that the prominent Clare Keanes were an offshoot of the Ulster O Cathain, but the closeness of Clare and Galway must make this doubtful. In any case, the two forms of the name have been interchangeable for most of Irish history.

    The Ulster O Cathain were part of the Cenel Eoghain, a loose tribal grouping of the descendants of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. They originated in the Laggan area of Donegal, and from there moved eastwards in the twelfth century, ousting the O?Connors from north Derry and retaining their lordship of Keenaght and Coleraine until the seventeenth century.

    A distinct family, the O Cein from Munster, and particularly Co. Waterford, have anglicised their name as "Kean(e)".

    In 1890 Keane and Kane were ranked as 88th and 96th most common names, respectively. By 1996 the overall ranks were 65th and 67th. However, the rankings in the Republic and Northern Ireland reveal the ; Kane was 21st in the North but only 145th in the Republic, while Keane was 37th in the south, but only 181st in Northern Ireland.

    .John B. Keane (b.1928) , from Listowel Co. Kerry, is one of Ireland?s most popular playwrights. His best-known works include The Field (1965), Big Maggie (1969), and Moll (1972). He has also published 3 novels.

    The famous actor Edmund Kean (1787-1833) and his son Charles (1811-1880) were of the Munster Keans.

    Another notable member of this family was Molly Keane (1905-1996), who published 10 novels between 1928 and 1952 under the pen-name M.J. Farrell. She had been largely forgotten by the 1980s, when she re-emerged, writing this time under her own name, and published Good Behaviour (1981), widely regarded as her masterpiece, a wickedly witty satire on the decaying world of the Anglo-Irish in which she had grown up.

    Roy Keane (1971 - ) is one of the most talented footballers ever to emerge from Ireland, and played a major role in Manchester United?s league and Cup double in 1994.