KILRUANE, a parish, partly in the barony of LOWER ORMOND, but chiefly in that of UPPER ORMOND, county of TIPPERARY, and province of MUNSTER, 2- miles (N. E.) from Nenagh, on the road to Parsonstown ; containing 1384 inhabitants. It comprises 3726 statute acres, principally under tillage ; the drill system of agriculture is general. There are some limestone quarries, and a bog of about 50 acres. The principal seats are Rapla, the residence of W. C. Crawford, Esq. ; Rathurlys, of T. Brereton, Esq. ; Ballinware, of J. Otway, Esq. ; and Claremont, of F. Evans, Esq. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Killaloe, and in the patronage of the Bishop : the tithes amount to £198. 8. 2. The church, which is a neat structure, was built by a gift of £800 from the late Board of First Fruits, in 1822. In the R. C. divisions the parish forms part of the union or district of Cloghjordan, and contains a chapel. There is a private school of about 50 children. In the demesne of Rathurlys there are the remains of a circular castle and of a Danish rath, covering about two acres, in which are the picturesque ruins of the old church ; and near it are the remains of a druidical altar.