SUBULTER, a parish, in the barony of DUHALLOW, county of CORK, and province of MUNSTER, 3 miles (E.) from Kanturk, near the road to Mallow ; containing 268 inhabitants. Knockninoss, in this parish, was, in 1647, the scene of a desperate battle between the forces of Lord Inchiquin and those of Lord Taafe. The former having taken the field with 4000 foot and 1200 horse, on Nov. 13th, encountered the Irish army, consisting of 7464 foot and 1076 horse, posted on the hill of Knockninoss. The English forces charged up the ascent, but the Irish stood their ground, and at first forced their assailants before them, some of the highlanders of Sir Alexander Mac Donell's or Mac Allisdrum's corps even driving part of them a considerable distance, and capturing their artillery and carriages ; but Lord Inchiquin having found means to detach a party ot' horse round, so as to gain the summit of the hill, the right wing, commanded by Lord Taafe, and a great part of the main body fled ; the left, commanded by Mac Allisdrum, stood its ground, but was at length forced to yield, both the leader and his men giving up their swords : but Lord Inchiquin having ordered that no quarter should be given, the whole were put to the sword, making the total number slain of the Irish army no less than 4000.
The parish, which consists only of the townlands of Subulter and Knockninoss, or Knocknanuss, comprises 382- statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act, and valued at £522 per annum. The land is of good quality and chiefly in tillage : it is wholly occupied by John Leahy, Esq., of Subulter House, Limestone is found and burnt for manure, For all civil purposes, and for the performance of clerical duties, it is considered to form part of Kilbrin. It is a rectory, in the diocese of Cloyne, forming the corps of the prebend of Subulter, in the cathedral of St. Colman, Cloyne : the tithes amount to £63. 6. In the R. C. divisions it is part of the union or district of Kilbrin. There is a school of about 60 children, gratuitously instructed by Miss Leahy.